Residential septic tanks are a basic necessity for many houses in country areas and newly developed areas where sewer systems are not in place. Residential septic system requires proper care and maintenance in order to keep it functioning properly. When it malfunctions, it is important to get it fixed as soon as possible due to the vitality of the function it serves.
If designed intelligently and maintained regularly, septic tank systems can serve for more than 50 years. Maintaining a septic tank gets easy if you are aware of the common issues that hinder its functioning. Here are the potential problems and easy maintenance suggestions to help you maintain the effective sewage treatment septic tank at home:
Non-functioning or becoming ineffective is one of the biggest issues with any septic tank. This problem generally occurs when non-organic and other hazardous wastes are disposed in the toilets and residential drains. Other than that, food wastes such as oil and grease can also block the septic tank to get malfunctioning.
Knowing this, be watchful about what is being disposed in the toilets. Make your family learn that toilet is not a trash can. Following stuff must specifically be prohibited to be disposed in toilets:
– Paper towels
– Facial tissues
– Cigarette butts
And for functional drains, avoid garbage disposals in it. Stuff like egg shells, coffee grounds, fruits and vegetable peels should not be allowed entering the drains.
Maintaining Septic Tanks
Over time the upper most layers of sludge and scum in the septic tank will need to be pumped or flushed out. There is no fixed period of how often it should be cleaned out of the septic tank but following factors usually determine how often you would need it:
1. The tank size
2. The family size or number of people in the house
3. Volume of solid waste normally disposed in the wastewater
According to the above factors, it usually turns out to be once in 3-5 years. The non-functional or blocked septic tank produces harmful gases that could be dangerous for human health and environment. That is why it is essential to keep your septic tank well maintained and functional all the time.
Due to environmental and human health concerns, only qualified and licensed septic tank contractors should pump out the septic tank. Attempting to pump it out by your own is not recommended. Professional septic tank contractors are specifically trained to do their job with full precaution and hygiene.