Osteoporosis is a difficult condition to diagnose. Most people don’t realize they have it until they get a fracture. It affects both men and women equally. However, women after menopause are more prone to suffer from it. Visit the best orthopedic hospital in Delhi for early diagnosis. Other risk factors include:
Age – Older people are at a greater risk of losing bone mass density and develop the disease.
Family history – An individual is more prone to this condition if it runs in his/her family.
Lifestyle choices – Poor lifestyle choices like smoking, alcohol consumption and lack of exercise can contribute towards the development of osteoporosis.
Sex hormones – Sex hormones like estrogen and testosterone impact the density of the bone and make them weak. Any fluctuations in their level can lead to a loss in the bone mass.
Dietary intake – Lack of calcium and vitamin D in your diet can increase the risk of osteoporosis.
Eating disorders – Having eating disorders as anorexia can reduce the nutrition levels in your body and weaken your bones.
Osteoporosis makes the bone extremely weak and brittle. They become weak to such an extent that even a mild fall or coughing can break them. The bone tissue is constantly being renewed and regenerated. However, in osteoporosis, the bone loses its ability to form new tissue. It occurs chiefly in the hip, wrist, and spine.
Ways to Prevent Osteoporosis:
Some risk factors like age, gender, family history, etc cannot be controlled but a person can take specific precautions to prevent or delay the degeneration. Some of the preventive measures are:
Do strength training – Strength training builds your muscle and bone strength. It also makes them flexible and lowers the risk of falling. However, excessive training is not recommended.
Consume Calcium and Vitamin D rich food – Bones are made up of calcium and vitamin D helps in the absorption of calcium. Eating lots of calcium-rich dairy products and vegetables can help increase the bone mass and make them stronger.
Quit smoking – Smoking lowers the estrogen levels in your body which in turn leads to a loss in bone mass density.
Limit consumption of soda – Soda contains phosphorous which prevents the body from absorbing calcium. Consume less carbonated drinks for ensuring healthy bones.
Avoid training intensely – Women should avoid training intensely as it may disturb the estrogen levels in their bodies. Also, they may be following a strict diet which may affect the calcium levels in their bodies.
Avoid excessive alcohol – Alcohol is harmful to all the organs in the body. It is also linked to osteoporosis as it causes hormone deficiencies and interferes with the production of vitamin D in the body as well. Limit your consumption to 1 or 2 glasses a day and try to avoid it as you grow old.
Get your bone density checked – Getting your bone density checked is the best way to learn whether your bones are healthy or note. It is done using a DXA Scan which passes radiation into a small part of your bone to know its density. Visit the best orthopedic hospital in Delhi to get your bone density checked by professionals.
Take necessary medications – The doctor might prescribe various drugs as a preventive measure for osteoporosis. Women aged 65 or older are advised to take these drugs regularly as their bone density is usually less.
Exercise, a healthy diet, and regular check-ups are bound to help you improve your bone strength and keep you active!
For further queries, Visit the best orthopedic hospital in Delhi to learn more ways to prevent it.